CGDS was awarded one-year fund to help develop gender-sensitive curricula, carry out classroom observation, and participate in teacher training. These activities are part of SPARK’s “Creating Perspective for Jobs for Refugees,” centered at Erbil Polytechnical University and the University of Mosul. SPARK’s mission in general is to support youth and women in the Middle East, North Africa, Sub- Saharan Africa, and Europe, and in particular to create jobs for young people in fragile states. In Iraq, SPARK’s programs focus on vulnerable youth, countering violent extremism, providing higher (vocational) education scholarships, and developing SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises). Dr. Lynn Rose, CGDS Deputy Director, will direct this project with the assistance of Mr. Ali Abdo-Jadya, CGDS Research Assistant.