November 9, 2017 (Sulaimani, KRG-Iraq): The American University of Iraq, Sulaimani (AUIS) hosted an event to mark UNESCO’s International Day to End impunity for Crimes Against Journalists. The two-hour event was organized by AUIS students under the guidance of faculty and staff, and featured two panel discussions which reflected on the role of media during the conflict between Iraq and Erbil in consequence of the Kurdistan referendum, and strengthening free and independent news agencies in the region. AUIS President Bruce Walker Ferguson in his opening remark, he welcomed the guests and thanked student organizers for their dedication and hard work. Followed by remarks from Maggy Zanger, a visiting professor from the University of Arizona School of Journalism. She emphasized the lack of protection of journalists in Iraq and that there has been no action taken to end the impunity. “Since 1992, more journalists have been killed in Iraq than any other country,” she said. The first panel, the Role of Media During the Conflicts Between Erbil and Baghdad, moderated by Koral Nouri, a Kurdish activist and a journalist, discussed the regional politics and how media platform was used as a tool for political propaganda. The panel included prominent Iraqi journalists, including Fazil Hawramy, Mushriq Abbas, Dana Asaad, Dr. Saman Fawzi, and Sherwan Mala Ibrahim. The second panel reflected on Strengthening Free and Independent Media Institutions. AUIS professor Barin Kayaoglu, moderated the panel which composed of an academic, Chro Shahan, and representatives from prominent news agencies, including Hemin Lihony, Twana Osman and Rahman Gharib. The discussion mainly focused on issues such as lack of support for independent media in the region and the need for more journalists with neutral political views.
The Arab Innovation Network (AINAC) corporate conference brings together youth from all over the Middle East every year to work together towards innovative and industry-based solutions. In December 2016, AUIS business major Maryam Nabeel attended the AINAC 2016 conference in Amman, Jordan, where she was selected to participate in the AIN Corporate Challenge. With her two Palestinian teammates, Maryam worked on a challenge to design a delivery packaging system for Aramex Logistics. The team were given two days to design and present their solution at AINAC 2016. Maryam's team won the corporate challenge, and were awarded a fully funded corporate internship with Aramex in the country of their choice. The AINAC 2016 conference also featured talks by influencers and sector leaders, business networking opportunities, and workshops for participants, "I got to know a few very well known people in the Middle East, which is always a plus to building up your network," said Maryam, who is now starting up an AINAC Society at AUIS. "A lot of our engineering students would really enjoy the experience," she said, and hopes that the new society will help establish links with AIN and ecounrage more participation from AUIS students at the annual conference. We wish Maryam all the best with her new internship at Aramex! Read more about Maryam's experience at AINAC Corporate Challenge in her blog.
The World Youth Conference 2016 took place from 12th November – 14th November 2016 in New Delhi, India. The event was hosted by the Republic of India under the aegis of the International Youth Committee (IYC) in collaboration with various public and private sectors. This year’s WYC theme was ‘Youth for Sustainable Development’. WYC 2016 will facilitate a process that strengthens effective youth participation in the planning, implementation and evaluation of various global issues of the world which refers to the process of defining the future global development framework that would succeed the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG's) of the United Nation. It brought young delegates from all over the world to exchange views, share experiences on different issues, detect common preoccupations and to develop realistic action plans to rebuild communities that meet the needs and aspirations of young people. The event allowed people to voice their ideas and concerns and make suggestions directly. I was the only delegate and speaker from Kurdistan and Iraq. I had an opportunity to give a speech about the role of Kurds and the Peshmerga for encountering terror and having peace and justice. Also, I was awarded as an International Speaker for having an effective speech. For World Youth Conference 2017, which will be held in Belize on the eastern coast in Central America, I am chosen as a leader and ambassador of International Youth Committee (IYC) in Iraq and Kurdistan in order to choose and arrange a group of youth to participate in this conference. Despite facing some challenges during the program, it was an experience of a lifetime for me because I met hundreds of delegates from across the world. We shared our different ideas, beliefs, perspectives, and opinions regarding the recent issues in the world. I was surprised when I heard some things from the delegates because the way their countries were reflected in the media was different from the reality. I also got to know scholars from different countries, and I invited most of them to visit Kurdistan. They promised to come to Kurdistan if we held any international conference. By attending other presentations, I learned from others and improved my own skills and knowledge about my field. Therefore, The benefits are definitely bigger than the costs for participating at international conferences. The conference had great outcomes for me. I was honored to participate as a Kurd. And I am now responsible to arrange a group of Kurdish youth to participate in the World Youth Conference 2017 in Central America. I am also working with the board of the IYC organization and conference in order to hold the World Youth Conference in Kurdistan in the future. I have a plan to hold international conferences in Kurdistan as much as I can because our youth can benefit greatly from these diverse perspectives. Watch his interview with Kurdistan24 below.
60% of archaeological sites in Southern Iraq looted: NRT English reports from the Protecting the Past conference at AUIS, hosted in collaboration with EAMENA Project and Sulaimani University.
"The heritage of Iraq and Iraqi Kurdistan is of international importance: the region contains thousands of documented and un-documented archaeological sites. Whilst current international attention is focused on conflict damage, Iraq’s heritage is at risk from multiple threats including looting, dam inundation, development, and expanding agriculture. Each year, survey teams discover and record previously unknown sites, both on the ground and using satellite imagery. Many of them are already damaged or threatened," AUIS Professor Tobin Hartnell, Dr. Emma Cunliffe and Dr. Jennie Bradbury from the University of Oxford's EAMENA project on the threats to the cultural heritage of Iraq and the Iraqi Kurdistan. Read full article.
Mr. Farhan Jawhar, head of the Kurdish Cultural Committee, talked about the role of cinema in suppressed nations and emphasized the importance of presenting the Kurdish identity through films. Dr. Jawhar also expressed his concerns over the very weak government support for the cinema industry, and said it was a playing factor in the lack of international and regional recognition for Kurdish cinema. The second panelist, Dr. Adel Yahya, spoke on the importance of conveying messages to the audience through visualizing human emotions. He also highlighted the importance of expressing the Kurdish identity as a way to introduce the nation to the wider audience. Dr. Shawkat Amin, a filmmaker from Kurdistan, mentioned the importance of having a strong cinema industry, and a culture that encourages people to see films at the cinema. This culture, he says, doesn’t exist in the region, and is a reason the country does not have an industry that can get international recognition. The other two panelists were German filmmaker Ruth Olsen and Dr. Shaho Saeed. Olsen spoke about the lack of Kurdish women in the cinema industry, and the importance of diversity in order to get films of different perspectives for the international audience. Dr. Shaho Saeed concluded the panel by talking about the globalization of the Kurdish cinema by becoming a part of the broader cinema industry in Iraq and the Middle East, instead of competing with them. This, he said, will help deliver the message of the Kurdish identity to a wider, international audience. Photos by Hama Advertising.
The one-day event hosted interactive sessions on improving corporate governance standards for family firms, as well as innovative small and medium enterprises SMEs and value chain solutions through developing distributors’ management and technical capacities, and management skills through IFC’s Business Edge training. The sessions were attended by private sector enterprises, entrepreneurs, small and medium companies as well as AUIS alumni who own businesses or work in the private sector in Sulaimani. “Iraq is in the midst of a very dire financial crisis: oil revenues have plummeted, and our revenue management system has failed. A new economic development strategy will have to adapt to this new reality,” said Dr. Barham Salih in his opening speech,“We need to find ways of turning challenges into opportunities for investors and entrepreneurs in Iraq.” IFC has managed to provide skills management training to over 1600 entrepreneurs and supported more than 300 SMEs with corporate governance training in Iraq. The initiative is part of IFC efforts to spur private sector growth in the country by improving SMEs’ management skills, business performance and competitiveness. There are over 1 million micro, small and medium enterprises in Iraq currently, contributing about two-thirds of private sector employment. Recent studies show 80 percent face difficulties in accessing finance and scaling up, with many closing within five years of operations. “Supporting SMEs and fostering sustainable business is a strategic priority for IFC in Iraq, given the current economic challenges,” said Ziad Badr, “Improving the managerial capacity, business performance and competitiveness of smaller Iraqi firms will help boost economic growth and create jobs.” Expanding on the importance of corporate governance, Dr. Amira Agag and Dr. Mohammed Radwan identified the centralization of decision-making, absence of long-term planning, and weak internal monitoring mechanisms, among others, as major challenges observed in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). In the same vein, Sylvia Zulu pointed to some of the impediments to SMEs development in the country. Those include difficult access to financing services, unfavorable business environment, insufficient infrastructure, general instability, and taxation systems. In both cases, IFC also proposed solutions to address to barriers to private sector development, and provide advisory services to help implement those solutions. “AUIS is honored to be partnering with IFC for such an important event. We believe that developing entrepreneurial minds is crucial to economic development, private sector growth in Iraq and the Kurdistan region. AUIS through its commitment to excellence in education, is also contributing. We are building capacity and striving to constantly improve the set of skills available,” commented Dr. Salih on partnering with the IFC for this conference, which is hoped to lead to further collaboration between IFC and AUIS in the future. About IFC IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, is the largest global development institution focused on the private sector in emerging markets. Working with more than 2,000 businesses worldwide, they use their capital, expertise, and influence, to create opportunity where it’s needed most. In FY15, their long-term investments in developing countries rose to nearly $18 billion, helping the private sector play an essential role in the global effort to end extreme poverty and boost shared prosperity. For more information, visit www.ifc.org.
The French Institute in the Near East (Ifpo) in collaboration with the American University of Iraq, Sulaimani (AUIS) Department of Social Sciences organized their first conference in the Kurdistan region of Iraq on ‘Conflict and Living Heritage’ with the support of the French Embassy in Baghdad and the Institute français in Paris. The Conference was held at AUIS over the course of two days. The organizing committee included Dr. Geraldine Chaterland of Ifpo-Amman, Dr. Boris James, head of Ifpo-Erbil, Dr. Elizabeth Campbell, assistant professor at AUIS, and Dr. Hassan Nadhem, the UNESCO Chair for the Development of Interreligious Dialogue Studies in the Islamic World at the University of Kufa. View photo gallery of the conference by clicking on image below. The Conference brought together scholars, researchers, and doctoral candidates in the fields of social anthropology and history, intellectual and interreligious studies, archeology and philosophy, art history and architecture, and ethnomusicology from across the Middle East and Western world. Conference participants were asked to consider the interrelatedness of cultural heritage and identity with armed conflict and forced displacement. Popular art, traditions, religious beliefs and rituals, language and oral expression together with architecture are all forms of heritage that suffer in these on-going wars. Speakers answered broad questions about how living heritage, both tangible and intangible, and collective identities are affected by war and under new political authorities. More particularly, they examined and conceptualized the practices and discourses of local actors to highlight the nexus between cultural heritage, identity, armed conflicts, and population displacement in the Middle East, specifically in Iraq, Syria, Yemen, and Afghanistan. The main aim of the conference was to shed light on the importance of living heritage. Defined as that which gives a population a sense of collective identity, living heritage in the Middle East, especially in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen, has been targeted as a result of the wars currently waged in these countries. Moreover, while most international organizations, governments, and heritage professionals have concentrated their efforts and attention on the damage and destruction of archeological sites and artifacts, this conference aimed at focusing attention on the aspects of living heritage which are being neglected. Panel discussions touched on heritage as a practice of resistance in times of crisis and conflict; on the destruction of heritage as a matrix for identity construction; on the initiatives being taken to safeguard intangible heritage; the roles heritage, identity and memory play in exile; on how built heritage can become contested space; and lastly, on perspectives on the conservation of tangible heritage. View or download the conference program View event page Listen to selected talks by participants on our podcast playlist below.
Conflict and Living Heritage in the Middle East: Researching the Politics of Cultural Heritage and Identities in Times of War and Displacement The Social Sciences Department at AUIS, in collaboration with the Institue français du Proche-Orient (ifpo), is hosting a two-day conference to discuss the conflict and living heritage in the Middle East on May 10-11, 2016. View or download the conference program Read more about the conference View photo gallery About the Conference: Cultural heritage is central to the wars currently being waged in Syria, Iraq, Libya and Yemen. The international media and organizations, together with governments and heritage professionals – including academics – have looked at the issue mostly from the perspective of damages to archaeological property or sites and artefacts with a highly emblematic global value, at times framed as 'universal.' The local meaning of such heritage is generally disregarded, and so are other aspects of affected populations' living heritage that give them a sense of collective identities. Yet local knowledge and know-hows, popular arts, crafts and traditions, religious beliefs and rituals, language and oral expressions, together with religious and vernacular architecture are all forms of heritage that suffer in the on-going wars. In many instances, this living heritage is deliberately targeted by parties striving to perform cultural cleansing. What then happens to living heritage and collective identities in areas affected by war and under new political authorities? What about the heritage and identities of the millions who have been displaced as a result of the recent conflicts in the region? More generally, what can an examination and conceptualization of the practices and discourses of local actors reveal about the nexus between cultural heritage, identities, armed conflicts and population displacement in the Middle East yesterday and today? The proposed topic calls for considering on-going and recent situations together with more ancient ones such as – but not limited to – the Armenian, Kurdish, Palestinian, or Lebanese cases, and for a comparative perspective. The following themes will form the core of the discussions: Theme 1: Heritage and Conflict In conflict situations, cultural heritage tends to become a contested area where relations of domination and violence are expressed, and where competing groups strive to assert legitimacy. This is manifested through unequal control over space (within urban areas, or on emblematic sites and monuments), and the often brutal removal of cultural attributes or markers attached to collective identities (regional, ethnic, religious, gendered, etc.). Questions will be asked about how civilian populations, on the one hand, and political and military actors, on the other, engage through practices, discourses and representations with various forms of living heritage during and immediately after conflict. Discourses, representations, and practices will be considered to understand the role of heritage as a vehicle for violence between groups, or conversely as a medium to de-escalate conflict and reach comprise. Theme 2: Heritage and Displacement More often than not, people displaced by conflict experience violence (usually in gendered ways), a break-up of social ties, and a radical separation from their place of origin. Such situations can also brutally severe people's bonds with their tangible and intangible heritage, particularly when such heritage is targeted by warring parties. The interrelation between heritage and displacement opens up questions as regards the implications of the loss of identity reference points, the transformation and redefinition of heritage in exile, and the role heritage plays in the (re)construction of collective memory and cultural identity among refugees. Such issues call for an examination in different contexts and time-frames: in transient or liminal places and states (such as refugee camps, border or transit areas), and when exile endures near or far from the homeland. An important question relates to how experiences of exile become incorporated into new heritage discourses that serve as bases for collective memories and identities. Conference Program: View or download the program of the conference below.